new_binder_definition : string * term -> thm

- STRUCTURE
- SYNOPSIS
- Defines a new constant, giving it the syntactic status of a binder.
- DESCRIPTION
- The function new_binder_definition provides a facility for making definitional extensions to the current theory by introducing a constant definition. It takes a pair of arguments, consisting of the name under which the resulting theorem will be saved in the current theory segment and a term giving the desired definition. The value returned by new_binder_definition is a theorem which states the definition requested by the user.
Let v1, ..., vn be syntactically distinct tuples constructed from the variables x1,...,xm. A binder is defined by evaluating

where b does not occur in t, all the free variables that occur in t are a subset of x1,...,xn, and the type of b has the form (ty1->ty2)->ty3. This declares b to be a new constant with the syntactic status of a binder in the current theory, and with the definitional theoremnew_binder_definition (name, `b v1 ... vn = t`)

as its specification. This constant specification for b is saved in the current theory under the name name and is returned as a theorem.|- !x1...xn. b v1 ... vn = t

The equation supplied to new_binder_definition may optionally have any of its free variables universally quantified at the outermost level. The constant b has binder status only after the definition has been made.

- FAILURE
- new_binder_definition fails if t contains free variables that are not in any one of the variable structures v1, ..., vn or if any variable occurs more than once in v1, ..., v2. Failure also occurs if the type of b is not of the form appropriate for a binder, namely a type of the form (ty1->ty2)->ty3. Finally, failure occurs if there is a type variable in v1, ..., vn or t that does not occur in the type of b.
- EXAMPLE
- The unique-existence quantifier ?! is defined as follows.
- new_binder_definition (`EXISTS_UNIQUE_DEF`, Term`$?! = \P:(*->bool). ($? P) /\ (!x y. ((P x) /\ (P y)) ==> (x=y))`); > val it = |- $?! = (\P. $? P /\ (!x y. P x /\ P y ==> (x = y))) : thm

- COMMENTS
- It is a common practice among HOL users to write a $ before the constant being defined as a binder to indicate that it will have a special syntactic status after the definition is made:This use of $ is not necessary; but after the definition has been made $ must, of course, be used if the syntactic status of b needs to be suppressed.
new_binder_definition(name, Term `$b = ... `);

- SEEALSO

HOL Kananaskis-14